Pakistan.. The Roof of the World to the civilizations of the Indus Valley
October 09 to 27, 2019
Pakistan, which got its independence from British controlled India on 14th August 1947, shares an eastern border with India and a northeastern border with China. This tour will take you to the mountain villages to meet the hardy souls that live in stunningly beautiful scenery under harsh conditions. You will travel the Karakoram Highway to Hunza Valley, through Besham, Khoistan, Chilas and Gilgit. The high mountain valley of Hunza is located in the extreme north of Pakistan in Gilgit-Baltistan. It is bordered by the Wakhan Corridor and surrounded by the giant mountain ranges of Karakorum, the Himalayas, Hindu-Kush and Pamir. Neighbors to the far north are the heavenly mountains of Tianshan and Kunlunsun and the historic city of Kashgar, which you will visit if you join our pre-tour to Western China. The legendary land of Hunza is most majestically placed on the roof of the world. It falls on a junction of the old Silk Route, now replaced by the Karakoram Highway or KKH, snaking into the People’s Republic of China through the Khunjerab Pass 15,528’, between the Oxus and Indus rivers.
The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in the vast river plains and adjacent regions in what are now Pakistan and western India. The earliest cities became integrated into an extensive urban culture around 4,600 years ago and continued to dominate the region for at least 700 years from 2600 to 1900 B.C.
The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappa Civilization, after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India, and is now in Pakistan. The discovery of Harappa, and soon afterwards, Mohenjo Daro, was the culmination of work beginning in 1861 with the founding of the Archaeological Survey of India in the British Raj. Excavation of Harappan sites has been ongoing since 1920, with important breakthroughs occurring as recently as 1999.
Per person sharing in double occupancy (air and land from JFK): $8,995.00
Single Supplement: $995.00
Escorted by Professor Denise Schmandt - Besserat, Archaeologist, the University of Texas at Austin
Credit for not using our included airfare $700.00
Price based on a group size minimum of 6 and maximum of 12 participants
Your tour does not include
- Airport taxes, security charges and fuel surcharges (estimated at $500.00 at time of printing).
- Airfare from cities other than New York City (price differs depending on gateway city & same other East coast cities could be at same rate).
- Pakistan Visa (Currently $199.00, subject to change).
- Beverages with or without meals.
- Items of a personal nature (camera fees, laundry, phone calls, emails, excess luggage, etc.).
- Transfers if not arriving/departing on scheduled flights/tour dates.
- Dayroom/overnights necessitated by changes in airline schedules.
- Travel protection insurance (HIGHLY Recommended).
Your tour includes
- International airfare from New York into Islamabad and out of Karachi & Internal flights inside Pakistan.
- Airport/hotel/airport transfers in every city.
- Accommodation in hotels as per the itinerary (based on 3-4 stars categories and few 5* hotels in larger cities.)
- All meals as mentioned in the itinerary.
- Sightseeing in each city as per the itinerary.
- Services of English speaking guides.
- Visa support letter and approval.
- Porterage at airports and hotels throughout program.
- Entrance fees to all visited historical sites and museums.
- Water on board every day.
- Gratuities to guides, drivers and porters.
III Challenging – Parts of the trip are physically challenging, involve hiking on rough terrain or in sand or at high altitudes. There may be very long drives on rough roads; weather conditions will be cold in the north & warm in the south. You may have simple picnic lunches, primitive bathroom facilities along the road and remoteness from modern towns or cities.
✶✶✶ - ✶✶✶✶ Superior: Lodges and hotels with additional amenities, refined service and comfort level acceptable to western standards. (3 or 4 stars with a couple of 5 stars as well.)
About your lecturer...Professor Denise Schmandt-Besserat is professor emerita of Art History and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. A graduate of L’Ecole du Louvre in Paris, she is a renowned Near Eastern archaeologist. She has worked on archaeological collections in all the major museums of the Middle East, Europe and the USA. She is the author of When Writing Met Art (2007), Before Writing (1992) and When Writing Came About…, which was selected by American Scientist magazine as “one of the 100 books that shaped science in the 20th century”. Her work on the origins of writing and mathematics has been covered by Scientific American, Time, Life, the New York Times, and the Washington Post. She has appeared on television programs such as Out of the Past (Discovery Channel), the Nature of Things (CBC), Search for Solutions (PBS) and Tell the Truth (NBC). For many years, Denise has led our tours to the Near East and Central Asia and her lectures and handouts will add to the enjoyment of your tour. You can already get acquainted with her and her scholarly work on Wikipedia and by browsing her web site: http://sites.utexas.edu/dsb
Special trip notes and trip grade: Moderately Rigorous Touring:
Anyone joining this trip must understand that in many places the tourist infrastructure (roads, restaurants and bathrooms) is very primitive. Some days are long and hard and the level of services will not match those offered in most tourist locations. Elevations vary from 5,000’ up to 10,000’. The hotels and lodges are comfortable but some lack the usual luxuries of the west. Security checkpoints can sometimes be annoying but one has to be flexible, and patient. Many roads are in a bad state of repair and hence journeys can be long and tiring. By signing up for this tour, participants are acknowledging their full understanding and acceptance of all terms and conditions and are admitting that they are in good physical and mental health and are equipped with an open mind, a sense of adventure and a tolerant and patient spirit to cope with the tour.
View Tour Itinerary
Wed-Thu, Oct 09-10
USA - Islamabad
Depart the USA, connecting to Pakistan’s Islamabad airport arriving the second day very late at night. Upon arrival, you will be met and transferred to your hotel. (B,L,D)
Fri, Oct 11
Have the morning to rest. In the afternoon explore Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, set against the backdrop of the Margalla Hills at the northern edge of the Potohar Mountain range. The city is lush, green and spacious. Tour Lok Virsa (the National Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage). Next visit the world’s second largest mosque: Shah Faisal, designed by the Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay and financed largely by donations from Saudi Arabia. Your welcome dinner tonight will be at the top of Daman-e-Kok hill, overlooking Islamabad and offering panoramic views of the city. (B,L,D)
Sat, Oct 12
Islamabad - Gilgit - Gilgit- Karimabad
Fly to Gilgit, upon arrival transfer to Serena hotel for freshening up. Later Before heading for Hunza, visit nearby Kargah, known for its large standing Buddha carved high on a cliff face. Have lunch at the Serena Gilgit. On the road to Hunza, you will see some of the most beautiful mountain peaks and glaciers: Rakaposhi 7778m, Diran Peak 7266m, the Ultra Glacier 7388m, and several others above seven thousand meters high. End your day in Karimabad, the central town of Hunza which was once the capital of the Princely State of Hunza. Check in to the Serena Baltit Inn for the next two nights. (B,L,D)
Sun, Oct 13
Excurssion - Gujal - Khunjerab pass
After breakfast, we will leave to explore 4700m Khunjerab Pass and upper Hunza which was known as Gujal. The region has a mixed population, of which the Wakhi ethnic group is the most important. It is followed by the Brushaski speakers, originating from Hunza. The Upper Hunza borders China in the northeast, and the Wakhan corridor in the northwest. Today we will see Attaabad lake which was formed by a huge landslide falling into Hunza River in 2010 blocking it for good! Later, we will pass through the amazing and newly constructed tunnels, known as “China – Pakistan Friendship” tunnel. Today we will also explore Khunjerab National Park, which was established in 1979 by President Z. A. Bhutto and it encompasses three valleys: Khunjerab, through which the KKH passes, Ghujerab and the more remote Shimshal valley. It is home to a number of endangered species, like the Snow Leopard, Himalayan Ibex, and Blue Sheep. Return to Karimabad for overnight. (B,L,D)
Mon, Oct 14
Karimabad – Gilgit
After breakfast head out to visit Baltit Fort. Hunza was a princely state ruled by one family for over 900 years: the Ayashkutz. The ruler of Hunza was called the Mir of Hunza by outsiders and THUM by locals. The people of Hunza are called the Hunzokutz. The rule of the Ayashkutz family came to an end when in 1974 the Prime minister of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, eliminated all the princely states in Pakistan. Baltit Fort was occupied by some of the elderly members of the Ayashkutz family until 1960. The Mir himself had already shifted to a new palace much earlier. In 1996 Baltit Fort was reopened after a meticulous restoration by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. It has been transformed into a heritage museum, and it has been given several International awards. Continue to the Aga Khan Higher Secondary School for Girls, a premier academic institution to educate girls who wish to attend university. Next, have lunch at the Altit Fort Garden restaurant before visiting the fort itself. Altit Fort was built on a solid rock cliff by people from Baltistan about 900 years ago. Legend has it that a local prince married a princess from Baltistan and her wedding procession consisted of around 500 of her town’s people who accompanied her across the Biafo Hispar Glacier. Nowadays, that is one of the most challenging routes for trekkers. Upon their return, the Biafo Hisper Pass was closed due to heavy snow and they had to remain in Hunza until the following summer when the pass reopened. Among these people were masons, carpenters and other skillful craftsmen that decided to build a fort for their princess while they waited for the pass to open. Prince Charles and Camilla visited Altit Fort along with Prince Karim Aga Khan when it was still being restored in October 2006. Before evening drive (2 hours) to Gilgit, Overnight at Hotel. (B,L,D)
Tue, Oct 15
After early breakfast fly to Islamabad where you will be met and transferred to your hotel for Check-in and for freshening up. Then drive to Taxila, one of the subcontinent's most important archaeological treasures, with the remains of three great cities and dozens of Buddhist monasteries dating from 600 BC to 600 AD. It is strategically located at the meeting place of trade routes linking China, India, Central Asia and the west. Taxila survived through many empires and became the cultural crossroad of the ancient world. Buddhism took hold in the region around 275 BC and from here the religion spread to Central Asia, Tibet and China. Julian, Dharmarajika, Jandial and Sirkap are some of the best-preserved sites. Time permitting you will try to visit a couple of them along with the Taxila Museum. Continue to Rawalpindi and late afternoon tour of Babu Mohalla driving through vibrant Sadar bazar Rawalpindi. Known today as Asia’s leading car parts market, its rich and diverse cultural heritage makes it deceptively fascinating. Make a stop to view the 18th century old Jewish Synagogue before heading to your hotel for dinner and overnight. (B,L,D)
Wed, Oct 16
Islamabad-Rawalpindi – Lahore
Leave Rawalpindi after early breakfast at the hotel. Visit Hindu temple at Kitas Village and Khewra where the Salt Mines are located (approx 3 hrs. drive). Walking tour through the Salt Mines (one way into the mine is done on train trolley & return by foot “15 minutes’ walk – total 2 hours tour” - There are currently 17 levels of the mine and visitors are allowed on the 6th level (there is now a restaurant inside the 6th level and refreshments are served along with snacks etc.). Continue after lunch to Lahore (3 hours’ drive). Overnight at your hotel. (B,L,D)
Thu, Oct 17
Visit Lahore Museum, - the biggest museum of Pakistan, established in 1894. It contains some fine specimens of Mughal and Sikh door-ways and wood-work and has a large collection of paintings dating back to the Mughal era, Sikh and British periods. It includes a collection of musical instruments, ancient jewelry, textiles, pottery, and armory. There are important relics from the Indus Valley Civilization, Gandhara and Greco-Bactrian periods as well as some Tibetan and Nepalese work on display. The Fasting Buddha from the Gandhara period is one of the most famous objects of the museum. After Lunch departs for Shahi Hammam (Royal Bath) and the Wazir Khan Mosque. Dinner at a restaurant on Historic Food Street, with fabulous views of the historical sites of Lahore. (B,L,D)
Fri, Oct 18
After breakfast head to visit the Badshahi Mosque constructed in 1674. This marble structure is an example of some of the most aesthetically pleasing architecture of the Moghul period. Continue to visit Lahore Fort locally known as Shahi Qilla. Built-in 1631 by Shah Jahan as a private apartment for his empress, it has several pavilions including Shish Mahal, the palace of mirrors. Visit Samadhi of Ranjit Singh and Guru Arjun Dev (if possible), and the Shalimar Gardens before heading to the flag lowering ceremony at the Wagah border. Dinner will be at the famous Village Restaurant (B,L,D)
Sat, Oct 19
Lahore to Multan
After an early breakfast drive to Harappa, one of the world’s first cities founded over 5,000 years ago. The ancient city discovered at Harappa is thought to be the first ancient Indus urban center. Today it is being studied with modern scientific and multi-disciplinary tools. Tour both the archaeological site and the museum. Continue to Multan, the city of saints, where this evening you will visit the Tomb of Bahauddin Zakia and Rukun-e-din Alam and the Tomb of the famous poet, dervish, Shams-i-Tabriz. To your hotel for dinner and overnight (B,L,D)
Sun, Oct 20
Multan to Bahawalpur
After breakfast, visit the famous blue pottery factory of Multan then continue to Bahawalpur the city of the Abbassi family. Visit the museum and the famous library of Bahawalpur. (B,L,D)
Mon, Oct 21
Today is another highlight of the trip as you travel to the Cholistan Desert, an extension of the Thal Desert, the largest desert on the subcontinent. You will see the remains of a great civilization that once flourished here and visit the Derawar Fort at the edge of the desert. In the afternoon depart for Uch Sharif to visit the famous Sufi shrines of Bibi Jawandi and Saeed Jalaluddin Bukhari before returning to Bahawalpur for your overnight. (B,L,D)
Tue, Oct 22
Bahawalpur to Sukkur
In the morning drive to Sukkur, It is strategically placed at a crossing point on the Indus where the river cuts through the last outcrop of solid limestone before proceeding to the sea. It has played a vital part in Sind’s history for over 2000 years. The young Arab invader Mohammad Bin Qasim took the town during the Arab conquest of Sind. The military importance of the town was recognized by the British as part of the strategic route to the Bolan Pass in Baluchistan. It is largely located on the west side of the Indus River, with its twin town of Rohri occupying the opposite bank. Upon arrival at Sukkur visit the Lodhy Barrage, and the famous Hindu pilgrimage center Sadu Bala, with a short safari on the Indus River in a wooden boat where you may see “blind dolphins” playing in the river. (B,L,D)
Wed, Oct 23
Sukkur to Larkana
After breakfast drive to the Kot Diji archaeological site to visit the famous fort of the state of Khairpur. The site stands on one of the rare outcrops of limestone that are part of the Rohri Hills to the north. Dating between 3500- 2500 BC, there are two distinct parts to the site. Excavation of the upper level revealed pottery of the Harappan civilization while the lower levels exposed evidence of an unknown pre-Harappan culture, designated as Kot Diji. Distinct forms of pottery were found at this level depicting a new type of ceramic industry. Continue to Larkana the city of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his daughter Benazir Bhutto to explore the famous archaeological site of Mohenjo-Daro. Tour the great bath, the granary, the College Square and Pillared Hall, private homes, and the Mohenjo-Daro Museum. Besides being one of the most important archaeological sites in South Asia, Mohenjo-Daro is one of the most stunningly preserved and meticulously restored prehistoric sites in the whole world. It was first excavated by the Indian Archaeological Survey team under Sir John Marshall in 1922 and 1931, and then by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in 1947. Now in the hands of the Pakistan Archaeological Survey team supported by UNESCO, the site is excellently presented. If time permits, visit the Bhutto Mausoleum at Larkana. (B,L,D)
Thu, Oct 24
Larkana to Haidarabad
After breakfast travel the Indus Highway towards Sehwan Sharif to visit one of the main highlights of the province of Sindh, the famous 12th-century shrine of Hazrat Lal Sabaz Qalander (divine spirit of the Red Falcon) who was a famous Sufi poet and philosopher. Have lunch at the Sewan Diven Hote then proceed to reach Haidarabad for some rest time before dinner. (B,L,D)
Fri, Oct 25
Haidarabad to Karachi
Have breakfast and then leave From Haidarabad and drive on the National Highway to Thatta to visit the Grand Mosque of Shah Jahan. Built between 1644 and 1647, it was a gift from Shah Jahan in recognition of the hospitality he received in Thatta while seeking refuge from his father, Jahangir. The mosque is a contemporary of one of Shah Jahan’s other great buildings, the Taj Mahal. Afterward head to Karachi to visit the historical monuments at Makli, considered as one of the most visually stunning archaeological sites in Pakistan. Covering fifteen and one half square kilometers and said to contain over one million tombs, it is considered to be the world’s largest necropolis. Tour the tombs of Jam Nizammudin, Isa Khan Tarkhan, Jan Baba and Diwan Shurfa Khan. Continue to Banbhore to explore the ruins from the Scythian-Parthian, Hindu-Buddhist and Arab periods of influence. It has been suggested that Banbhore could be the site of the ancient Hindu port city of Debal, although this remains a speculation. Your last stop is Chokondhi to view the tombs that are thought to be from the 13th – 16th century and are attributed to the Jokhio and Baluch tribes. The superbly carved sandstone tombs are built out of Rectangular slabs placed one on top of the other in pyramidal fashion, some reaching four meters in height. They stretch for several kilometers along a low ridge with a centerpiece being two large domed mausoleums. This style of the tomb is only found in Sind and Baluchistan provinces, (particularly along the coast of Makran). These intricate designs are still applied on textiles, pottery, Jewelry, and on woodcarving in those regions. Some free time then dinner & overnight. (B,L,D)
Sat, Oct 26
After breakfast, head out to tour Karachi. Visit the Mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of this nation. Continue to the National Museum of Pakistan with its numerous galleries housing a multitude of artifacts including objects from the pre and proto-history of the region dating from 5000 – 1500. Have lunch before touring the Mohatta Palace Museum near Clifton Beach, where there is always a unique exhibition of art collections on display including textiles. Mohatta Palace was built by Shivratan Chandraratan Mohatta, a Hindu Marwari merchant from modern-day Rajasthan, India in 1927. After partition, it became state Property, and initially, it was Pakistan’s foreign affairs office when the capital of Pakistan was in Karachi. After the capital was moved to Islamabad, the palace became the private residence of Fatima Jinnah. Now it has been converted to a museum by the Sind government and it has been restored meticulously to its former glory. If time permits, visit the Saddar Bazaar (Empress Market). Enjoy your last farewell dinner. (B,L,D)
Sun, Oct 27
Karachi to the US
After breakfast transfer to the airport for your flight to the USA.
We (STS) reserve the right to change hotels, restaurants or the order of activities if/as needed